Great-Martyr Demetrios of Thessalonki

English Language Study for Russian Orthodox Learners

Great-Martyr Demetrios of Thessalonikiaudio button
(October 26/November 7)
(†306)

Great-Martyr Demetrios of ThessalonikiHoly Great-Martyr and Myrrh-Streamer Demetrios of Thessaloniki* is greatly loved and respected in the Orthodox world.  He was regarded as a saint martyr soon after his death.  When Kiev Rus converted to Christianity, Holy Demetrios became one of the first beloved saints of the Russians.

Demetrios lived at the time when most of the world was pagan.  His parents were secret Christians who raised their son in the Christian faith.  His father was a nobleman in a high military position.  The family lived in Macedonia, one of the provinces of the Roman Empire.  After the death of his father, Demetrios became the ruler of the region.  Thessaloniki was the capital.  The Roman Emperor Maximian ordered Demetrios to protect the province from enemies and kill Christians.  Instead of following the Emperor’s orders, Demetrios preached the word of Jesus.  With his help, many pagans converted to Christianity.

Demetrios, knowing that he would soon die for his faith, gave all his possessions to the poor.**  When the Emperor learned that Demetrios was a Christian, he threw him into prison.  Maximian at that time was celebrating his military victories with pagan games and gladiators’ combat.  Many Christians met their death in the arena where they were sent to fight gladiators.

Before fighting the gladiators, a young Christian named Nestor came to see Demetrios in prison and asked him for his blessing.  Nestor was small and weak, but, against all odds, won a battle with a giant champion.

The enraged emperor ordered that Nestor be beheaded.  Holy Demetrios was killed by spears in prison.  The Christians secretly buried the two martyrs.

In the seventh century fragrant myrrh started streaming from the tomb of Saint Demetrios.  Many times after his death, the holy martyr saved his city from invaders.  He is regarded as the protector of the Motherland.  Demetrios of Thessaloniki was a favourite saint of the Russian holy heroes, Alexander Nevsky and Dmitry Donskoi.

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* В английском языке есть два варианта написания названия города Солунь – Thessaloniki и Thessalonica.
** the poor – бедные, бедняки.  Прилагательное, когда употребляется с определённым артиклем, как в данном случае, имеет значение собирательного существительного (the rich – богачи, богатые).


Demetrios  [dɪ ′mɪ: trɪ ǝs]
Roman Empire   [ˈrəumən ˈempaɪəʳ]
Thessaloniki  [ˎθe sʌ lǝ ′nɪ:kɪ]
Maximian  [mǝk′sɪ:mɪǝn]
Macedonia  [mæsɪ ′dəunɪə]

Словарь к тексту

great-martyr, n.  [ ′greɪt  ′maːtə]  великомученик
myrrh-streamer, n.  [′məːʳ  ′strɪːməʳ]  мироточец
regard, v.  [rɪˈgɑːd]  почитать, уважать
instead, adv.  [ɪnˈsted]  вместо, вместо того (чтобы)
possessions, n.  [pəˈzeʃəns]  имущество
blessing, n. [ˈblesɪƞ] благословение
against all odds  наперекор всем обстоятельствам
enraged, adj.  [ɪnˈreɪdʒd]  пришедший в ярость
spear, n.  [spɪəʳ]  копьё
fragrant, adj.  [ˈfreɪgrənt]  благоуханный, благовонный
myrrh, n.  [məːʳ]  миро

09ThessalonicaMap

Географическое положение города Солунь на Балканском полуострове