Saint John Chrysostom

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Saint John ChrysostomSaint John Chrysostom was the Archbishop of Constantinople and one of the greatest preachers of the early Christian Church.  For his wisdom and eloquence, Saint John received the name Chrysostom, which translates from Greek as “golden-mouthed” (Zlatoust).

Saint John was born around 347 A.D. in Antioch in a very noble family.  John’s father, a military officer, died soon after the birth of his son, and John’s mother became a widow when she was only twenty years old.  She did not remarry, but devoted herself to her child.  Saint John received an excellent education.  Later he studied theology and in 381 became a deacon.

Saint John had a deep understanding of the Holy Bible.  He explained the moral teaching of the Scriptures in a simple way.  People loved to listen to him, and they learned to be good Christians.  Many pagans, after they heard Father John, converted to Christianity.

In 398 Saint John was called to be the Bishop of Constantinople.  As bishop, he led a life of humility.  He spoke against rich and powerful people who did not help the poor.  His words made many people angry.  The Empress of Byzantium hated Saint John so much that she wanted to put him to death.

Saint John’s enemies expelled him from the city and sent him to Armenia.  The Saint continued to preach in his letters to Constantinople.  This angered his enemies even more, and they sent him to Pitiunt, a region in Georgia.  Saint John died on his way there in the year 407 A.D.  His last words were, “Glory be to God for all things!”

Saint John Chrysostom left us many writings and beautiful prayers.  To this day, our Orthodox Church celebrates the Divine Liturgy written by Saint John.

Monastery of St. John Chrysostom, Moscow (end of the 19th century)

Монастырь св. Иоанна Златоуста в Москве
- Фотография конца XIX века

John Chrysostom  [′dʒͻn  ′krɪ sǝ stǝm]
Georgia  [ˈdʒɔːdʒə]
Antioch  [ˎӕntɪ′ɒk]
Byzantium  [bɪ′zӕntɪǝm]
Holy Bible  [′həu lɪ  ′baɪbl]
Divine Liturgy  [dɪ′vaɪn  ′lɪ tə dʒɪ]
Armenia  [ɑːˈmiːnɪə]

Словарь к тексту

archbishop, n.  [ɑːtʃ ′ bɪ ʃəp]  архиепископ
preacher, n.  [ˈpriːtʃəʳ]  проповедник
eloquence, n.  [ˈe lək wəns]  красноречие
noble, adj.  [ˈnəubl]  знатный
widow, n.  [ˈwɪdəu]  вдова
devote, v.  [dɪˈvəut]  посвятить
Scriptures  [ˈskrɪp tʃəʳz]  Священное Писание
expel, v.  [ɪkˈspel]  изгнать