David and Goliath

English Language Study for Russian Orthodox Learners

David and Goliath

King DavidThe Philistines lived to the south-west of Israel.  They often were at war with Israel.  Once, when Saul was king, the Philistines gathered their armies and prepared to attack.

David was a shepherd boy at that time.  His three older brothers were in Saul’s army.  Once, David’s father asked him to go to the military camp and bring food to his brothers.  David did as his father told him.

Among the Philistines was a soldier of enormous height and strength.  His name was Goliath.  He had a helmet of bronze on his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail, and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels* of bronze. (17:5)  Goliath mocked (смеялся над) the Israelites and wanted to fight the strongest of King Saul’s men. But everybody was afraid.

David said to the King that he would accept Goliath’s challenge (вызов).  And Saul said to David, “You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are but a youth, and he has been a man of war from his youth.” (17:33)  But David was a brave shepherd who many times had saved his sheep from bears and lions.  And Saul said to David, “Go, and the Lord be with you!” (17:37)  David did not wear heavy armour.  He chose five stones, put them into his shepherd’s bag and came near the Philistine.  Goliath looked at the boy and laughed at him.  And the Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?”  And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. (17:43)

David took out a stone, slung it and hit the Philistine in his forehead.  Goliath fell dead to the ground.  

When the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled. (17:51)

King David's Israel

Карта Израиля к началу царствования Давида


* 5000 сиклей равны примерно 57 кг. Во времена, описываемые в Книге Царств, филистимляне владели технологией выплавки меди и железа и имели много опытных мастеров-оружейников, поэтому воины их армии были так хорошо оснащены металлическим оружием и доспехами.